Helminthiasis causes discomfort to patients. Worms living in the human body, provoke serious diseases and even death. Do not underestimate the negative impact of helminthiasis. If you experience the first signs of infection with worms is recommended to immediately consult a doctor. However, the symptoms that occur when helminthiasis, can represent other diseases. The surest signs of infection – worms in the stool. Can you see yourself of worms?
The characteristic features of pinworms
Helminthiasis is common in adults and children. To confirm the disease you need to take the stool analysis. But to see the parasites you can own. It's a symptom indicating that a person or pet is infected.
Pinworms – the worms that are most commonly found in children. They are easily transmitted and failure to comply with preventive measures enter the body. Symptoms of the disease manifests in 3-10 days. Pinworms are parasites in the intestines. Worms have a short life cycle and die after a few months. However, this does not mean that after 60 days the person will be healthy. Daily the patient infect himself. Dead individuals are replaced by young worms that got into the body previously.
To detect pinworms in the stool simply. In appearance resemble small worms cut thread. Usually their length does not exceed 1.5 cm to See them in the stool simply due to bright color.
Parasites have a negative impact on the body. These worms in the stool the child is a serious reason to consult a doctor.
Pinworms can cause appendicitis. Because of their stay in the human body, inflamed intestines and genitals. Pinworms, moving through the body, leaving a toxic substance in the region of the sphincter. It causes unbearable itching. Worms can produce more than 8 thousand eggs.
In the presence of pinworms patient exhibits the following symptoms:
- gag reflex;
- significant reduction of appetite;
- stool containing mucus;
- chronic fatigue;
- urinary incontinence at night.
Prolonged course of the disease with complications observed in patients who have a habit of biting the nail plate. Cases of involuntary scratching at night, the skin in the anal area, thus forcing under the nail plate of the eggs of parasites. In the future, they fall into the mouth.
When infected with worms to see the eggs of pinworms in the stool is not possible, because the females do not lay eggs in the gastrointestinal tract.
Not all know how to look like worms in humans. However, to learn this information is extremely important. Worms in stool – this is the most significant symptom that confirms the presence of worms.
Roundworms commonly parasitic in the body of children and adults.
Under favorable conditions the eggs is formed by the larva. Once in the human body, the parasite moves into the gastrointestinal tract where it is released from the egg and migrates to the circulatory system. From there, roundworm spread throughout the body and penetrate into many vital organs. In the intestine the larvae hatch full roundworm. They finally attach to the small intestine not earlier than six months.
In people with Ascaris experience the following symptoms:
- causeless allergic reactions;
- stomach cramps;
- gag reflex;
- lack of energy;
- loss of appetite.
Ascarids begin to lay eggs three months later. Waste products that produce the parasites in the body, are toxic to the patient. They can cause severe allergic reactions. When not treated the parasites tangled up in a ball and clog the intestines, causing its obstruction. In this case, for full recovery you'll have to resort to surgical intervention. Drug if you have intestinal obstruction won't work.
For children, the greatest dangers are roundworms that enter the oral cavity and can move within the trachea or nasal passages. The life cycle is 1 year.
Roundworms most commonly affect children. Adults suffer from this type of helminths much less frequently. Because children often forget to wash their hands before eating and eat unwashed fruit and vegetables.
The appearance of whipworm
The life cycle of the parasite is about 6 years old. This type of worms has the following features:
- length ranges from 3 to 5 cm;
- the body is oblong and resembles a segment of a filament;
- the head of the parasite is much thinner than the body itself, to recognize them in the stool you can easily.
Vlasoglavy injure the intestinal wall and provoke its inflammation. Eats a parasite blood. In the presence in the body of Trichocephalus trichiurus (whipworm), the patient complained of the following symptoms:
- long-lasting spasms on the right side of the abdomen;
- loss of appetite, and also perhaps his causeless increase;
- gag reflex;
- the change of the chair;
The final diagnosis can be put by the doctor only when it finds whipworm eggs in the feces through a microscope. For the treatment specialists usually prescribe medications. It is important to observe preventive measures to reduce the risk of infection.
Description of Trichinella
Few know how the larvae of the worms. They rarely make it to the stool and they can see only the doctor at carrying out of special analyses. Trichinella are parasites that are particularly dangerous for human health. They differ in the following characteristics:
- small size;
- rounded shape;
- white color.
To independently identify in the feces of Trichinella is very difficult.
Infection can occur by eating poorly thermally processed meat of pigs, bears, wild boars, etc. the Parasites have a negative impact on the muscles. These worms can live in human body for more than 20 years. Trichinella often cause complications.
The patient complains of the following symptoms:
- causeless temperature increase;
- body aches;
- allergic reaction.
Patients with trichinellosis, there are complications that may occur inflammation of the lungs, liver and kidneys. A full recovery very difficult to achieve. For this you would need to undergo a long treatment. It is also necessary to comply with preventive measures. At the time of therapy the patient needs to go to the infectious Department of the hospital.
As the prevention of trichinellosis experts recommend not to eat do not end up cooked meat. It is advisable to buy only those products that have passed health validation and have a certifying stamp.
Everyone heard about the existence of such a parasite as the beef tapeworm. Unlike all the previously listed, this helminth refers to a group of tapeworms. Beef tapeworm can get into the body after eating beef that has been cooked poorly. Several months later the larva turns into a full-fledged adult. Beef tapeworm is considered to be the largest parasite that lives in the human body. Its length reaches 8-10 meters. The patient may be detected in the stool only segments from the end of the parasite.
The patient complains:
- stomach cramps;
The treatment prescribed by the specialist. When properly selected treatment, the patient recovers quickly and has no complications. Self-treatment is strictly prohibited.
How to recognize Echinococcus
This tape is a parasite that negatively affects many vital organs. You should pay attention to the fact that the person is an intermediate carrier of parasites. Definitive hosts are usually dogs or other animals.
The Echinococcus has small size. Therefore, to detect the eggs of this parasite in the stool alone is difficult. Its diameter ranges up to 2 cm Settles it is most often in the liver and gradually begins to grow. People who have in your body echinococcal complain:
- pain in the right hypochondrium;
- allergic reaction;
- dry cough;
- shortness of breath.
The disease can only be detected on ultrasound. Yourself to see Echinococcus in the stool is impossible. For prophylaxis is recommended to follow the personal hygiene and health of the animals.
What are the parasites that everyone should know. Cases often do not pay attention to the presence in the stool of worms, because I don't know what they look like. Some types of parasites can not be detected independently, but they occur not so often. Stools easily you can recognize pinworms, ascarids and Trichocephalus trichiurus. When detected in the feces of worms you need to urgently see a doctor.